What is Blood pressure?
Your heart is responsible for pumping blood through your arteries to supply all the tissues and organs in the body and the blood pressure is the pressure of blood that are in these arteries, if your blood pressure gets too high then it may damage your organs and tissues so it is really important to get your pressure checked and to know your numbers.
There are a lot of people walking around that could have high blood pressure but as there are sometimes no symptoms it is known as a silent disease. Having said that some people may get some symptoms like shortness of breath, general feeling under par and a ruddy complexion, nose bleeds can also be a symptom as well as headaches.
As a Personal trainer it would be one of the first things I would check if you come to train with me and if you got a high reading I would send you too your doctors to get a re check.
Exercise and being fit can reduce high blood pressure and help keep it at a normal healthy level, which is important as if it gets to high you may become at risk of a stroke or heart attack.
There are two readings for your blood pressure one is Diastolic and one is called Systolic, The Systolic measures the pressure during the pumping stage of your heartbeat , this is the top number like for example 120 and the Diastolic is when the heartbeat relaxes and would be a number like 70
So for a person to have a good blood pressure reading it could say something like 120/70 and high would be 180/110
As we age blood pressure does increase and in post menopause women there is more heart attacks than breast cancers so post-menopausal women should make sure that they know their blood pressure numbers and also take steps to manage blood pressure, like make sure you try some relaxation like yoga and meditation this can help with dealing with stress, join a gym or find a 3rd age women instructor/personal trainer and take up an exercise programme 3-5 times a week for just 30 minutes a day.
If you are overweight then take a look at your diet and if you need help see a nutrition adviser to set you in the right direction.
Risk factors also include being overweight and too much processed foods, smoking, drinking too much alcohol and too much salt in the diet, diabetes, stress and high cholesterol.